VoIP Tutorial - Basics
A VoIP tutorial is recommended in order to get jumpstarted
into the emerging field of VoIP technologies. We've
assembled a VoIP tutorial based on common industry terms.
In order to get started with the VoIP tutorial all you
need to do is jump right in.
VoIP Tutorial - Common Terms
- data communications method in which bits are sent
without using a clock signal for synchronization as
opposed to synchronous communication where blocks of
data are transmitted using a synchronizing clock.
Broadband Connection -
a high-speed Internet connection using DSL, cable, wireless,
fiber optic or satellite means of transmitting data.
The terms broadband usually refers to a high-speed network
connection with data speeds in excess of 128 kilobits
Conference Bridge - is
used to connect multiple people over a phone line or
broadband Internet connection such as for a conference
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
- high-speed broadband service used to connect subscribers
over existing phone lines or interfacing with other
broadband connections, such as cable, as well.
Frame Relay - is a packet
switching method that uses available bandwidth only
when it is needed and is efficient enough to transmit
Full Duplex - ability
for both ends of a communication to simultaneously send
and receive data without degradation in quality.
Internet Telephony - another
term for "VoIP" and means a way to turn analog
voice data into digital data for transmission over the
Internet Service Provider
(ISP) - is a business that provides subscriber-based
access to the Internet for both businesses and individuals.
With VoIP sometimes two service providers are needed:
a VoIP service provider and a broadband service provider.
Packet - a logically group
unit of data that includes payload, originator, destination,
and synchronization information. VoIP is based on the
ability to send and receive packets of data.
Private Branch Exchange (PBX)
- functions as a small telephone company switchboard,
using computer telephony platforms and automated attendants
inside a company's premises to handle calls.
Public Switched Telephone
Network (PSTN) - public circuit-switched telephone
networks including analog and digital systems along
with mobile and fixed telephones. The traditional local
and long distance phone companies have PSTN networks.
T1 Line - provides a 1.544
Mbps link which is divided into 24 discrete, 64 kpbs
voice-grade channels. The T1 service is one of the faster
VoIP - VoIP stands for
Voice Over Internet Protocol. Another term for VoIP
is Voice Over IP or Internet telephony. In general,
VoIP is converting analog voice data into digital packets
and sending those packets over the Internet to a receiver
at the other end.
This ends the VoIP tutorial.
There are many more terms to learn in VoIP but this
VoIP tutorial focuses on the essentials that you will
see over and again when reviewing the literature.